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How to Make Good Career in Biotechnology in India

how to become a biotechnologist

Every student has different skills and different specialties as per their aptitude. Lots of people have the aptitude for a particular sector but either they could not recognize it or could not enter that field. 

All due to a lack of proper career guidance or due to misguidance because very few people know about the Biotechnology industry. If you want to pursue a contributory, satisfying, and successful career in the Biotechnology research and production divisions of the industry, then you should follow the given systematic sequence of approach.

1. Understanding Biotechnology

After completing 12th there are lots of career options to select but before selecting a career option you have to know about that field. So before choosing Biotechnology as your career, you should be properly aware of what is Biotechnology, its future scope, career options, various industries available, courses, job roles, etc. Biotechnologists work in various fields such as agriculture, Biopharmaceutical, waste management, and food production.

2. Check Your Biotech Aptitude

For a successful Biotechnologist, you should check yourself. Are you interested in Biotechnology? Take a quick Biotechnology aptitude test yourself. What is your career goal, your skills, weakness, interests, etc.?  To become a good Biotechnologist you should have the following skills.
  • You have to be interested in science subjects such as biology and chemistry.
  • Your mindset should be inquisitive.
  • You should have a good problem-solving skills.
  • You have a systematic and methodical working approach.
  • You should be able to analyze statistical and technical data with a high level of accuracy.
  • You should able to work as a team and also independently.
  • Good communication skills are the requirements for every career.

3. Choosing Between an Engineering and a Scientific Career

After finalizing that you want to be a Biotechnologist, you have to select what you want to be made engineering or scientific Career in the field of Biotechnology.

Biotechnology courses are available in both fields. As per your interests and career goals, you have to finalize the course. You can choose a B.Sc. in Biotechnology for a scientific career and a B. Tech. in Biotechnology for an engineering career after 12th.

The basic difference between science and engineering courses in Biotechnology is that in the science courses, you learn more scientific subjects of Biotechnology that lead you to research fields, and in the engineering course of Biotechnology exposes various interrelated engineering subjects with the core subjects of Biotechnology.

In other words as a Biotech engineer, you have to learn chemical engineering, electrical, mechanical, designing, information technology, computer, engineering mathematics, etc. along with the core subjects of Biotechnology. Whereas in a science course, students learn all core subjects with deeper theoretical and practical Biotechnology-related knowledge.

In job prospects, an engineering student has more job options than a science student of Biotechnology because an engineering student can also switch to non-core fields of Biotechnology, whereas a science student can do well in research and academic fields.

4. Choosing the appropriate course to meet your interests or goals

After selecting an engineering and scientific career, you have to select the most suitable Biotechnology courses for you. B.Sc., M.Sc., and Ph.D. in Biotechnology are more popular science courses.

It depends on you at what level you want to study and which type of job you want to do. In engineering, B. Tech/ B.E., M.Tech. /M.E., and Ph.D. Eng. in Biotechnology courses are available.
As per the course fee, structure engineering courses are costlier than science courses. So you can also have to choose on the basis of your capacity and budget.

5. Select the Best Biotechnology Educational Institute

Selecting the best educational institute or college for Biotechnology is a tough job but you have to do it. In India, there are lots of Biotechnology courses available in many public, central, and private universities. Many colleges and institutes also various courses in Biotechnology.

For selecting the best educational institute or college in Biotechnology you can apply the following criteria.
  • Public or private or deemed university status.
  • Institute is government or private.
  • Institute approval status, by UGC or AICTE.
  • College or institute campus facilities.
  • College or institute has good management.
  • College or institute must have experience and good academic records faculty panel.
  • College or institute has the best academic record for previous years.
  • College or institute has a maximum placement record in core or best companies.
  • College or institute organizes various state or national-level activities.
As per Biotechnology concerns, you must check the institute's interactions with the Biotech companies. There are institute-industry tie-ups for R&D activities, training, internships, and campus placements. Colleges or institutes run how many biotech-related projects and the number of patents filed and achieved patents.

6. Choosing the College or Institute Entrance Exam

Selecting the best college for the study is comparatively easier than getting admission to your selected college or institute. To get admission to your selected college you must have good marks in your 12th class and in the entrance exams conducted by the college.

There are lots of entrance exams conducted by universities and colleges or institutes at the state or national level for admission in various Biotechnology courses. CEEB, IIT-JEE, IIT JAM, GATE, CSIR-NET, etc. are the most popular entrance exam for Biotechnology. You have to select the entrance exams and prepare for them, and then you will get admission to your dream college after cracking the entrance exam.

7. Set Your Goal as a Biotechnologist

During your Biotechnology course studies, you have to set your final goals that what role as a Biotechnologist you want to do. There are lots of branches of Biotechnology and you can do different jobs after completing your course. You can be an animal Biotechnologist, a plant Biotechnologist, a microbiologist, a molecular Biologist, a bioprocess engineer, etc. Then study deeply related subjects to your job role.

You can choose more than one field of interest, where more job opportunities are maximum. Check the demand in the market in the near future for job opportunities in the selected fields. Prepare yourself strictly as per the current market demands in the industries or companies of the Biotechnology fields that you have targeted.

8. Strengthen Your Biotechnology Knowledge

Strengthen your Biotechnology subject's knowledge during academic studies. Biotechnology subject is practical and experiments oriented so keep focus during your studies on these experiments and practicals for strengthening your knowledge. During the final year’s project work of your academic course, you must explore the topic deeply for your knowledge.

Continuously update yourself in the fields of your choice both market-wise and theoretical & research knowledge-wise. Keep in touch with the latest happenings and future prospects in your field. Read the latest scientific journals, and scholarly articles related to your field.

9. Do Industrial Training and Internships

During session gaps and vacation periods, you can do industrial training that enhances your knowledge from books to industrial applications. Internships provide you a short-term work experience in the industry that will help you in the near future.

Select the desired type of industry related to your field of interest and go for training after every session ends. Go through the company’s website and also through various job websites and see their requirements such as skills, instrument handling, etc.

Make a list of the company’s requirements and try to cover the maximum of those requirements in the research/summer training. That enhances your selection chances for those jobs.

During your industrial training be disciplined, follow your instructor or guide's instructions, and work dedicatedly, so that in the future if there is a requirement your guide or instructor can recommend you to in same or any other good companies.

10. Develop Your Personality and Communication Skills

Getting good marks in your academics is not sufficient for getting a good job. You must have good personality and communication skills to clear job interviews during the campus placements or outer job interviews.

To develop your personality and communication skills you must participate in various college-level activities and functions such as debates, annual functions, etc. You should also participate in functions organized in your living area. 

If you're weak in the English language and unable to speak fluently in English then you can join English-speaking courses and practice with your classmates. 

11. Systematically Write Your Resume

Resume and Curriculum Vitae both are marketing documents that highlight information about your educational qualifications, professional skills, training, knowledge, experiences, and personal skills that represent you as a suitable candidate for the post. You must include a good cover letter with your resume during a job application.

12. Search for a Biotechnology Job

If you did not get a college placement then there is no big issue you can also search for a job by yourself on various job sites. There are various job portals where you online apply for a suitable job.

Such as,, employment news, etc. where you can know about the current job vacancies in different Biotechnology companies. If you don't know, you must learn how to get suitable Biotechnology jobs for you.

If you interested in teaching then you can start preparation for NET exam studies. There are lots of CSIR, ICAR, and ICMR research labs where you can apply for the JRF and SRF job openings.

13. Keep Updating Yourself

After getting a suitable job in your field always try to learn new techniques and skills in your working area that enhance your chances for further growth in the Biotech industry. Learn the latest techniques by attending various workshops on technical skills organized by various institutes. You can do further certificate courses related to your fields.

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