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Types of Biotech Companies in India

Overview of Types of Biotech Companies in India

The biotechnology industry has witnessed significant growth and innovation over the past few decades, revolutionizing various sectors such as healthcare, agriculture, and environmental preservation.

Biotechnology companies mainly use living organisms to solve problems and due to their multidisciplinary approach, they have the potential to provide a range of solutions for challenges in various sectors such as health, agriculture, environment, energy, and industrial processes.

The Biotech industry is constantly evolving, and new types of companies are emerging all the time. As biotechnology continues to develop, it is likely that we will see even more new and innovative companies in the years to come. Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary subject that is linked to multiple fields so its companies also do business in multiple sectors. This makes it difficult to separate a particular Biotech company into specific sectors wise is also difficult.

In this article, we will explore and analyze different types of biotech companies, considering their key distinctive features, objectives, and applications. Here we will broadly be classifying the Biotech companies on the basis of major focus areas but a Biotech company also works in different sectors. Such as a Biopharmaceutical company may also be doing business in agriculture, bioenergy, or some other sector.

By gaining insight into these diverse types of Biotech companies, we can better appreciate the breadth and depth of the biotech landscape and its potential for shaping our future.

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Types of Biotech Companies

biotech companies in India

Biotech companies are currently at the forefront of developing innovative solutions by using the latest biotechnological techniques to address complex challenges and improve the quality of life. From established pharmaceutical giants to new small Biotech sector start-ups, these companies harness the power of biological systems and processes to develop life-saving drugs, biosimilars, vaccines, genetically modified crops, probiotics, nutraceuticals, sustainable materials, biofuels,  advanced diagnostics, and more. Here we will explore different types of biotech companies, their main areas of focus, business points of view, what type of businesses they do, and their impact on various industries.

Classification of different types of Biotech companies on the basis of their business is a very tough job because if a Biotech company does business in multiple sectors like veterinary drugs, agriculture crops, poultry, vaccines, and biofuels, and also provides contract manufacturing for so other companies, etc. then keeping it to the particular type of Biotech sector is a tough job. So keeping all these things we classify the Biotech Company on the basis of its core business model, not on the basis of doing business in multiple sectors. The Indian Biotechnology sector industries can be broadly divided into five segments.

  1. Biopharma
  2. Bioindustrial
  3. Bio-Services
  4. Bio-Agri
  5. Bio-IT

1. Biopharma: Pharmaceutical Biotech Companies

Pharmaceutical biotech companies focus on developing novel drugs, vaccines, therapies, biosimilar, regenerative medicines, medical devices, and diagnostics for human and animal health. This is the largest sector of the biotechnology industry, under this sector medical biotech companies also include. They employ advanced techniques such as genetic engineering and bioinformatics to drive the discovery and production of innovative medications, targeting diseases such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, or rare genetic conditions.

These companies often collaborate with academic institutions and research organizations to validate their products, conduct clinical trials, and gain regulatory approval. There are more than a thousand healthcare products and vaccines on the market derived from biotechnology. These companies are dedicated to researching, developing, and manufacturing ground-breaking drugs that address a wide range of health issues, from cancer to rare genetic disorders.

Pharmaceutical biotech companies specialize in developing life-saving medications and therapeutics by leveraging biological insights. These companies employ cutting-edge techniques like gene editing and protein engineering to create innovative drugs that target specific diseases or conditions. The pharmaceutical biotech industry plays a critical role in improving human health and extending life expectancy.

Research and Development (R&D) is the lifeblood of pharmaceutical biotech companies. These companies invest heavily in research to identify potential drug targets, conduct preclinical and clinical trials, and obtain regulatory approval for their products. R&D departments in pharmaceutical biotech companies are filled with brilliant scientists and researchers striving to bring new treatments to patients in need.

Most Popular Bio-Pharmaceutical Companies

Here we listed some of the popular Bio-Pharmaceutical companies' names on the basis of their core business but these companies also do business in multiple sectors.

  • Biocon
  • Serum Institute of India
  • Panacea Biotec Limited
  • Dr. Reddy’s Laboratory Limited
  • Reliance Life Sciences Private Limited
  • Bharat Serums and Vaccines Limited
  • Indian Immunologicals Limited
  • Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  • Concord Biotech Limited
  • Zydus Lifesciences Limited
  • Wockhardt
  • Lupin Ltd.

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2. Bioindustrial: Industrial Biotech Companies

Industrial biotech companies apply biotechnology techniques to develop sustainable, eco-friendly solutions for various industrial sectors. They broadly use biotechnology techniques to develop new products and processes for a variety of industries, including chemicals, biofuels, energy sources, and industrial materials. Industrial types of biotech companies are the second broader type of Biotech companies. 

They utilize microorganisms, enzymes, plants, marine organisms, algae, and fungi, and bio-based processes to manufacture biofuels, bioplastics, industrial enzymes, bio-polymers, probiotics, nutraceuticals, and biochemicals, replacing traditional fossil-fuel-dependent practices. Such innovations offer a means of minimizing carbon emissions, reducing reliance on non-renewable resources, and promoting a circular economy. These companies focused on environmentally friendly applications that reduce pollution and increase energy efficiency.

Under industrial biotechnology companies fermentation companies are also included that use fermentation technologies to produce cheese, beer, bread, and wine. There is a vast application of fermentation biotechnology in the brewing, bakery, and food industries. Production of Yeast, algae, and other beneficial microbes at large scale for industrial applications also falls under this category.

Most Popular Industrial Biotech Companies

Under Industrial biotech companies, we include the names of companies who are doing business in enzyme production, and microbe production such as yeast algae, biofuels such as ethanol, biodiesel production, probiotics production, nutraceuticals, etc.

  • Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd., Thane (W), Maharashtra
  • IPL Biologicals Limited (International Panaacea Limited), Haridwar, Uttarakhand
  • Kothari Fermentation and Biochem ltd., Bulandshahr (U.P.)
  • Prathista Industries Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Praj Industries Limited, Pune, Maharashtra
  • Virchow Biotech Private Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Zytex Biotech Private Limited, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • Emami Agrotech Limited, Haldia, West Bengal

3. Bio-Services: Contract Research Organizations (CROs)

Contract Research Organizations (CROs) act as research partners for larger pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies. These businesses are specialized in providing research services such as clinical trials, regulatory support, scale-up studies, tech- transfer, technology consultancy services, and laboratory testing. CROs play a pivotal role in accelerating drug development processes by ensuring compliance with stringent regulatory requirements and offering specialized expertise in areas such as pharmacology, toxicology, or data analysis.

Essentially, they take on the burden of conducting experiments, running clinical trials, and analyzing data, allowing biotech companies to focus on their core competencies. CROs offer a range of services to biotech companies, including preclinical and clinical research, regulatory consulting, and data management. They act as a one-stop shop for all research needs, ensuring that projects are completed efficiently and in compliance with regulatory requirements. Their expertise and infrastructure enable biotech companies to accelerate the development and commercialization of their products.

Collaborations between CROs and biotech companies are common and fruitful. By working together, CROs and biotech firms combine their strengths and resources to bring innovations to market faster. CROs provide the necessary expertise and infrastructure, while biotech companies contribute their unique ideas and discoveries. This partnership helps bridge the gap between research and commercialization, ultimately benefiting patients and the healthcare industry as a whole.

Most Popular Bio-Services Companies

Under CROs, we included those companies' names that provide mainly services to pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies and also involves in the business of production or manufacturing of biotech products or doing research in the biotech sector.

  • Syngene International, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • USV Biologics, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • Premas Biotech, Gurugram, Haryana
  • Anthem BioSciences Private Limited, Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • Panacea Biotec Limited, Lalru, Punjab

4. Bio-Agri: Agricultural Biotech Companies

Agricultural biotech companies focus on enhancing crop yields, improving resistance to pests and diseases, and developing sustainable farming practices. By utilizing techniques like genetic engineering, plant tissue culture, micropropagation, hybridization, and plant biotechnology, these companies aim to address global food security challenges and promote environmentally friendly farming methods. These companies work on the development of organic farming techniques, greenhouse farming techniques, development and production of biofertilizers, biocontrol agents, bio-manure, biogas, etc.

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) play a significant role in agriculture, and agricultural biotech companies are at the forefront of their development. GMOs, created by introducing specific genes into crops, can enhance traits like resistance to pests, tolerance to drought, and increased nutritional value. While GMOs have sparked debates, they have the potential to revolutionize farming and address food scarcity concerns.

Agricultural biotech offers numerous benefits, including increased crop yields, reduced use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and enhanced nutritional content. However, controversies surrounding GMOs, such as concerns about potential environmental impacts and long-term health effects, persist. Agricultural biotech companies actively engage in research and public dialogue to address these concerns and ensure the safe and responsible use of biotechnology in agriculture.

Most Popular Agricultural Biotech Companies

These Agricultural biotech companies mainly do business in the agriculture sector and are also involved in the different sectors of the Biotech sector business.

  • Poabs Organic Estates, Kuttoor, Thiruvalla, Kerala
  • Nuziveedu Seeds Limited, Malkajgiri District, Telangana
  • Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd, Jalgaon,
  • Nivshakti Bioenergy Pvt Ltd,Kolkata, West Bengal

5. Bio-IT: Bioinformatics Companies

Bioinformatics companies focus on developing software tools and techniques to analyze vast amounts of biological data. By integrating genomic, proteomic, and clinical data, they facilitate biological research, drug discovery, and disease prediction. These enterprises play a central role in managing and interpreting complex biological datasets, thereby enabling advancements in personalized medicine and precision healthcare.

These biotech companies operating within the bioinformatics sector provide various software packages, and online tools, work on big biological data, and development of precision medicines by analyzing and interpreting big biological data. These Bio-IT companies do business in the Bioinformatics sector and work like the IT industry they have deep knowledge of big data handling, processing, analysis, and concluding for fruitful results.

Most Popular Bio-Informatics Companies

Some are the Bio-IT companies listed below play a major role in this Biotech sector.

  • Anju Life Sciences Software, Pune, Maharashtra
  • SciGenom, Cochin, Kerala
  • Rasa Life Science Informatics, Pune, Maharashtra
  • PREMIER Biosoft, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
  • Strand Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore, Karnataka            
  • Cytel, Pune, Maharashtra

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Other Biotechnology Companies

Some other types of biotech companies are involved in developing new products and technologies for a variety of other applications, such as environmental solutions, cosmetics, food supplements, biodefense, diagnostics, pathology, bio-nanotechnology, stem cell research, etc.

Diagnostic Biotech Companies

Diagnostic biotech companies are involved in the development and production of advanced diagnostic tools, including genetic tests, immunoassays, and molecular diagnostics. These companies leverage biotechnological techniques to identify, detect, and monitor diseases at early stages, enabling more accurate and timely diagnosis. Diagnostic biotech firms play a critical role in personalized medicine and disease management.

Stem Cell Biotech Companies

Stem cell biotech companies are dedicated to researching and developing therapies based on the use of stem cells. They aim to utilize the regenerative potential of stem cells to treat various diseases such as cancer, neurological disorders, or organ damage. These companies pioneer techniques in cell culture, tissue engineering, and genetic modification to harness the therapeutic potential of stem cells.

Environmental Biotech Companies

Environmental biotech companies focus on developing sustainable and environmentally friendly solutions for waste treatment, pollution control, and resource management. Through bioremediation, renewable energy production, or sustainable agriculture practices, these companies aim to mitigate environmental hazards and promote ecological balance.

Biotech Startups

Biotech startups are entrepreneurial ventures that emerge to develop novel biotechnological solutions and disrupt existing markets. These emerging companies often exploit advances in genomics, synthetic biology, or nanotechnology to offer innovative products or services. Despite facing challenges such as funding, regulations, and market penetration, biotech start-ups foster innovation and diversify the biotech landscape.


The availability of numerous types of biotech companies reflects the multifaceted nature and tremendous potential of the biotech industry. From pharmaceuticals to agriculture and diagnostics to environmental solutions, these businesses actively contribute to advancements in medicine, resource management, and addressing critical ethical and regulatory considerations.


1. What is the role of biotech companies in the healthcare industry?

Biotech companies in the healthcare industry play a vital role in developing innovative medicines, therapies, and diagnostic tools. They conduct extensive research and development activities to address various diseases and medical conditions, improving patient outcomes and quality of life.

2. Are genetically modified organisms (GMOs) solely associated with agricultural biotech companies?

No, while agricultural biotech companies are prominent in developing genetically modified crops, GMOs can also be used in other biotech sectors. For example, pharmaceutical biotech companies may utilize GMOs to produce therapeutic proteins or create genetically engineered organisms for research purposes.

3. What are the challenges faced by biotech startups?

Biotech startups often face unique challenges such as securing funding for research and development, navigating complex regulatory processes, and competing in a highly competitive market. Additionally, technological and scientific uncertainties, as well as intellectual property concerns, pose significant hurdles for these emerging companies.

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4. How do biotech companies ensure the safety and ethical considerations of their products?

Biotech companies adhere to strict safety protocols and ethical guidelines throughout their research, development, and manufacturing processes. They work closely with regulatory bodies to ensure compliance with safety standards and conduct rigorous testing to assess the efficacy and safety of their products before they reach the market. Ethical considerations, such as informed consent and protection of patient data, are also paramount in the biotech industry.

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